Architecture

architectureThe urban morphology and typology of colonial buildings in Bogotá have been maintained since the late nineteenth century, long after the independence of Colombia (1810). This persistence of the colonial setting is still visible, particularly in La Candelaria, the historical center of Bogotá. Also maintained are the two story colonial houses, with courtyards, gabled roofs, ceramic tiles and balconies. In some cases, these balconies were enclosed by beautiful stained glass during the Republican period, a distinguishing feature of the architecture of the sector.

"Republican Architecture" was the style that prevailed between 1830 and 1930. Although there were attempts to consolidate a modern architectural language, the only examples seen are University City and White City at the National University of Colombia (built from 1936 to 1939). This work was developed by German architect James Daly, although architects with traditionalist trends participated in the design of campus buildings. We also see in Bogotá architecture trends such as art deco, expressionism and organic architecture. This last trend was typified by Bogotá architects in the second half of the twentieth century such as Rogelio Salmona.

In 2006, in recognition of "efforts towards social inclusion, education, housing and public space, particularly through innovations in transportation", Bogotá won The Golden Lion Award at the Tenth International Architecture Exhibition of the Venice Biennale of Architecture.

Although renowned for its beautiful preservation of colonial architecture, there are also examples of significant contemporary architecture in the downtown and at the north of the city.